Worldwide, 71 countries criminalize homosexuality as of 2021. Most of them are located in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. In 11 countries, the death penalty is imposed or at least a possibility for private, consensual same-sex sexual activity. These countries are Afghanistan, Brunei, Iran, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
In a global survey conducted in 2021, two percent of respondents from 27 countries identified themselves as transgender, non-binary/non-conforming/gender-fluid, or in another way. In Germany and Sweden, around three percent of the respondents stated to identify themselves with one of the listed genders.
Réunion was rated the safest travel destination in Africa for members of the LGBT community, according to a 2021 ranking. With six points, the French overseas department outperformed South Africa, ranking 22nd worldwide, while the Southern African country stood in the 27th position. These were the only destinations considered friendly for LGBT tourists in Africa.
A country scores less than zero in the index when human rights are not observed, nor guaranteed, or even violated. This means that Mozambique, Angola, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Mali, and Niger were far from being considered safe, but were better-rated destinations compared to other countries in the continent.